The next Medication Collection has been scheduled for Saturday, June 8, 2013, at the Machesney Park Mall, corner of Hwy 251 North and Machesney Road. 9:00AM to 2:00PM
How Do Pharmaceuticals Enter The Environment?
Pharmaceuticals have been found primarily in discharge from wastewater treatment plants and surface waters. Pharmaceuticals are also released into waterways via runoff from commercial animal feeding operations and aquaculture, and from fields where manure and biosolids have been applied.
How Can Medications Impact The Environment?
Expired or unwanted medicines, if flushed down the toilet or drain, are a source of pollution in wastewater. Because sewage treatment plants are not designed to deal with drugs, these chemicals can be released into streams, lakes, and groundwater and affect fish and other aquatic wildlife.
You might imagine that any substance safe enough for humans and pets to ingest as medication can’t cause environmental harm. But that may not be the case. If our medicines are reaching streams, rivers, and lakes, organisms living in these habitats may be continuously exposed to these drugs. Some aquatic organisms living in waters downstream from wastewater treatment plants are showing signs of developmental and reproductive problems. Researchers are working to determine whether pharmaceuticals are causing these effects.
Did You Know?
- 90% of consumers dispose of unused medicines down the toilet or in the trash
- Prescription drugs are now the number one drug used by teenagers
- 78,000 children per year under age five are treated for accidental medication poisoning in the U.S.
- The U.S. Geological Survey surveyed 139 streams across 30 states and found 80% of water samples contained residues of prescription and non-prescription drugs.
Disposal Dos and Don’ts
- Take your unused/unwanted/expired medications to the Keep Northern Illinois Beautiful Medication Collection Drive
- Use a permanent marker to black out your name and personal information on the label, but leave medication information legible.
- Please follow directions at the drop-off site. Only give medications to drop-off site personnel.
- Leave all medications in original packaging.
- Flush down the sink or drain.
- Place in the trash.
- Give or sell to others
How Can I Reduce The Quantity Of Unwanted Medications In My Home?
- Purchase only as much as you need and take the medication as prescribed by your physician.
- Centralize all medications in one location secured from children and pets. This may help to limit inadvertent over-purchasing of products you already have.
- In order to preserve the quality of your medicines, store medications at proper temperature and humidity as recommended on the label. This is sometimes NOT in the bathroom medicine cabinet.
- Say “no” to physician samples if you are not going to use them.
What’s The Issue?
Safe methods of disposal are needed for expired or unwanted medicines. Products of concern include prescription and over-the counter medications. Improper disposal of medicines presents both a public safety and environmental hazard and wastes millions of health care dollars annually.
Why Is Medicine Disposal A Concern?
The three main hazards are:
- Possible poisoning from accidental ingestion, particularly among young children and pets, if medicines are thrown in the trash.
- Illegal use or theft, including identity theft, from discarded containers providing personal patient information.
- Contamination of water resources, which can result in reproductive and developmental problems in fish and other aquatic wildlife if medicines are flushed or placed in the trash.
- Disposal of Unwanted Medicines resource kit from IL-IN Sea Grant
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency the potential environmental impacts of pharmaceuticals
- U.S. Geolgical Survey research on the presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service & The American Pharmacists Association SMARxT Disposal Website